Czech Republic

Integrated Recovery System EKO-KOM was created by industry to handle recovery of both household and business-to-business packaging. While collection of industrial packaging is organized mainly through business channels, household packaging is collected and recovered as an integrated part of municipal waste. To ensure this system, EKO-KOM is co-operating on contractual basis with more than 6,000 municipalities.

System Description

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The EKO-KOM System provides collection and recovery of packaging waste mainly through municipal schemes of separate collection. This solution is based on legal framework given by the czech packaging and waste law:

  • Producers, importers, fillers, and distributors of packaging and packaged products shall ensure the collection and recovery of packaging waste. They co-finance costs of municipal separate collection of waste through the EKO-KOM System.
  • Based on the Waste Act, the municipalities shall separate and recover waste. Part of sorted components of municipal waste is also consumer packaging, which should be recovered.

EKO-KOM company is obliged to offer the same terms of service to any economic operator interested to participate in the compliance scheme and the same time to offer the same terms of support to any municipality interested to participate in the packaging collection and recovery system.


The authorized packaging company EKO‑KOM operates a nationwide system that provides take back and recovery of packaging waste – in accordance with the Packaging Act. No. 477/2001 Coll.

The EKO‑KOM System is based on the cooperation of industrial enterprises (clients), towns and villages. The system ensures that waste from packaging used by the consumer is sorted out, transported by refuse collecting vehicles, finally sorted  and used as a secondary raw material.

 How does it work?

Way of the packaging waste and the pattern of distribution of remuneration in the EKO‑KOM System

The green arrows show the path of packaging: consumers will buy the product and then will throw packaging into the color container for sorting waste. Collecting companies transport sorted packaging waste to the sorting line, where the waste is further categorized according to the different types of further processing. This modified waste goes to the processors, where recycled products are produced – this way the sorted PET bottles can returnes to you as a new cycling jersey …

The grey arrows: In 2021, 98.5% of the annual costs of authorized packaging company EKO‑KOM, a.s. were used to ensure collective compliance. Specifically, the breakdown was as follows: more than 83% was accounted for by the direct costs of waste activities (collection of packaging and provision of a collection network in municipalities, collection and recovery of industrial packaging, re-sorting of packaging waste, direct support for recycling of packaging waste). And given that municipalities and their inhabitants are key to the sorting of packaging waste, municipalities are responsible for the largest share. Direct payments to the participating municipalities for providing packaging waste take-back and collection networks and for delivering it through collection companies for re-sorting and treatment accounted for 63.5% overall in 2021. The level of rewards to municipalities depends mainly on the amount of waste sorted and increases with the efficiency of the collection system. Almost 20% of the total costs of the system were the costs of re-sorting packaging waste, the costs associated with the collection and recovery of industrial packaging waste and the direct promotion of recycling and recovery of packaging waste.

Almost 8% of the costs (7.7%) had to be spent on the creation of the statutory reserve. In the past, a capital reserve was built up, which was then used, for example, to cover the extra costs of authorized packaging companies for the collection and recycling of packaging waste in the event of unexpected falls in the price of secondary raw materials. According to the new legislation, the creation of a reserve for the authorized packaging company is mandatory. This obligation is laid down in Section 21a of Packaging Act No 477/2001 Coll., where it is directly stated that “The authorised company shall be obliged to create a reserve intended to cover the future costs of the combined fulfillment of the obligations of persons placing packaging on the market or in circulation, taking into account the financial risks involved, the aim of which is to ensure the continuity and availability of the provision of services by the authorised company.

The amount of this legal reserve is to be at least 50 % of the total costs of the authorised company by 2025. Therefore, before the reserves reach this level, their creation will be a necessary and significant part of the system costs.

The cost of ensuring that all packaging and waste flows are conclusively recorded, including their control and regular audits, was 4.8% last year. Less than 3% of the costs were spent on mandatory awareness raising, environmental education of schoolchildren, consumer information and other activities leading to correct and efficient waste sorting in the Czech Republic. Own administrative and management costs amounted to 1.3% and statutory levies on the State accounted for 0.1% of the total costs.

Communication activities

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EKO-KOM uses a wide range of communication activities towards clients, municipalities and public. Communication takes place through the national media and advertising, online, local and regional informations and school program.
On national level EKO-KOM uses for communication with consumers TV spots, newspapers and online space. Especially online space has huge success lately, our websites about sorting and recycling are frequently visited, our facebook page has 50,000 fans.

EKO-KOM educates children through the school program, which was founded in 1998. Since then, the program undergone almost 2 million children. EKO-KOM also educates the municipalities representatives, teachers and has seminars for its clients.

There are plenty of outdoor activities that promote the importance of sorting and recycling. For example through the project “Clean festival”, where are at the 20 biggest music festivals possibilities to sort the waste and get more information about this theme.

Local communication activities

  • We distributed sets of special bags for sorting in selected areas in almost each region
  • Special stickers on public transport
  • Labels on containers with mixed waste
    “Thank you” stickers on containers of sorted waste
  • Brochures about the disposal of household waste in households
  • Posters and leaflets on local message boards for sorting support
  • PR articles in the regional media
  • Promotional spots and reportage in the regional media
  • Websites linked to our campaigns are made for different types of consumers:

www.jaktridit.cz – website about sorting and recycling

www.samosebou.cz – entertainment recycling website which attracts the theme sorting and recycling through the music a movies

www.tonda-obal.cz – website for children and teachers

www.branarecyklace.cz – website about our challenge exposition made from recycle materials and including the only recycled exhibits.



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Waste sorting companies

Waste service providers have an irreplaceable function in management of separated waste, because they assure physical handling of separated waste and its transport to sites for further processing. Waste service providers are integrated in the system indirectly through municipalities, or directly on the basis of a contractual relationship.

Waste sorting companies

Waste sorting companies are also partners of the EKO‑KOM System. Utilisable components of municipal waste and other packaging waste are separated into reusable materials on their lines. The technological development of the separation lines is very important for subsequent utilisation of waste as reusable material in the processing industry. The systems for waste recovery and collection in municipalities are also affected to a certain degree by the requirements waste recovery subjects place on the quality of the input materials.

Waste recycling companies

Waste recycling companies use reusable materials from waste as material for production of their own new products and their requirements concerning the quality of reusable materials influence the activities of waste recovery facilities. Processors include glassworks, paper mills, manufactures of artificial fibres, manufactures of plastic products, etc.


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EKO‑KOM, a.s.


Na Pankráci 1685/17
140 21 Prague 4

Phone: +420 729 848 111
Fax:+420 729 848 119
E-mail: info@ekokom.cz
Web: www.ekokom.cz